*Articles & other readings and videos outside of the texts will be required. These readings & videos will be provided in the Course Content section of Blackboard. Unless marked *Optional they are required reading/viewing material.
Bordas, Juana. 2012. Salsa, Soul, and Spirit: Leadership for a Multicultural Age. 2nd ed. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc
Rondilla, Joanne L., and Rudy P. Guevarra Jr., and Paul Spickard, eds. 2017. Red & Yellow Black & Brown: Decentering Whiteness in Mixed Race Studies. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
*While the course focuses on the multi experience, you do not need to identify as multi-racial/ethnic/cultural to participate.
This course will offer you the opportunity to explore leadership in connection with multi-racial/ethnic/cultural identity and experiences utilizing an interdisciplinary narrative approach (i.e. storytelling).
You will study issues of history, culture, and activism—primarily through personal narratives—as they relate to leadership within the “multi” community. Specifically, we will focus on how culture, family, community, and heritage influence leadership styles as well as the forms leadership has taken within the multi community.
By reading and discussing scholarly, literary, editorial and visual texts we will critically examine topics such as:
The course encourages the use of artistic expression as you explore your own leadership style(s) and identities in relation to larger discourses and narratives around race and intersecting identities.
By engaging with assigned reading & viewing materials and actively participating in the course you will:
Course & Community Expectations
We will discuss and create course & community expectations together at the beginning of the semester. Below are some that I believe are essential to a respectful and safe environment that fosters success and excellence:
We will come to class prepared
I hold all students to high standards because I believe every student is capable of
excelling. This is a discussion-based course; therefore I expect that you will regularly check the Blackboard website for journal assignments and weekly readings and come to class prepared (having read the assigned readings and completed all assignments) and ready to participate in discussions and activities.
We will engage in timely communication with one another
Should you have a question or concern regarding your coursework I expect that you will contact me immediately rather than waiting until you have fallen behind. I will commit to providing timely feedback to assist in your success.
We will act with integrity
I expect that you will act with integrity; please do not put either of us in an uncomfortable situation by cheating or plagiarizing. If it is determined that you have
acted in a dishonest manner you will fail the assignment. To avoid plagiarism (copying the works or ideas of others and passing them off as you own) make sure to cite the sources you use and put all direct quotes in parentheses.
We will treat each other with respect
I will act in a respectful manner and expect that you will do the same. This course will embrace and celebrate the diversity of its participants as an essential element of our learning community. The course curriculum seeks to create an environment that supports pluralism of opinions and beliefs. At no time will discrimination or disrespect toward ones’ physical ability, sex, gender identity, sexuality, age, spiritual/religious beliefs, race, ethnicity, nationality, class, occupation, or marital status be tolerated. We will discuss things that undoubtedly everyone will not have the same views or experiences on or with, therefore we must treat one another with the utmost respect.
Your grade will be based on the following four course components:
Journal/Blog Entries = 25%
Experiential Learning = 25 %
Cultural Self Portrait & Presentation = 25 %
Class Preparation, Participation, Quizzes = 25%
A+ 97-100% C 73-76.99%
A 93-96.99% C- 70-72.99%
A- 90-92.99% D+ 67-69.99%
B+ 87-89.99% D 63-66.99%
B 83-86.99% D- 60-62.99%
B- 80-82.99% F 59.99% & â
*Remember to back up your work and keep copies of all assignments
The purpose of this assignment is for you to independently connect course readings, visual texts, assignments, and discussions to your everyday life. You have the option of:
creating a multimedia journal/blog to post to
uploading your entries to Blackboard.
Topics will be announced in class and/or on Blackboard. All journal assignments should be between 250-500 words, and uploaded to your blog or Blackboard under Assignments prior to the first class meeting each week.
You will have the opportunity to participate in TWO experiential learning activities (one on-campus experience at MC & one off-campus experience) and will complete a critical reflection after each experience:
On-Campus Experience: *Critical Reflection is due two weeks after the event you attend.
Attend one of the following events and take photos if permitted. Prior to attending the event do some research to learn more about the topic and speaker. *Keep a list of your sources, as you will need to cite them.
[Insert 2 cultural events for that semester]
You will reflect on the experience through a medium of your choice (blog/journal entry, poem, song, painting, video diary, digital story...) that includes a minimum of 900-1200 words (approximately 4 pages) or is 3-5 minutes in length, a reference list of all citations you obtained information from, and addresses the following questions:
What did you learn and what has this experience taught you about leadership?
How does the material presented and/or the event itself connect to the topics, readings, and activities within the class?
*You must include a minimum of 5 connections to terms/concepts, readings, and/or activities. These should be bolded in your paper or clearly identifiable in other artistic or audio works.
In what ways did your own identities and background (socio-economic, cultural, linguistic…) affect the way you viewed the speaker(s) and material that was presented?
Off-campus Experience: Place of Your Choosing
Part 1: Pre-visit
Do your research. Identify a space, business or non-profit whose mission is centered on social justice, activism and/or community building. Find out as much as possible about the space, business or non-profit (who started it and why, what their mission is, if they offer programs or give back to their community in some way, what social issues seem to be of importance to them, if they were created to fill a need in the community...). You may need to contact them to obtain some of this information. *Keep a list of your sources, as you will need to cite them.
Examples of spaces, businesses and non-profits:
Busboys and Poets | Anacostia Arts Center | Politics and Prose Bookstore | Mosaic Theater Company | Theater of the Oppressed
Part 2: Visit
If at all possible, plan to visit the physical location of the space, business or non-profit with other interested classmates. If you have chosen an arts’ based venue then you may attend a program or event. You will visit the space/attend an event and speak with at least 1 or more employees/actors to learn more about it. If permitted, make sure to take photos and/or flyers.
Part 3: Reflection
After your visit you will reflect on the experience and assess the space, business or non-profit through a medium of your choice (blog/journal entry, poem, song, painting, video diary, digital story...) that includes a minimum of 1500-1800 words (approximately 6 pages) or is 4-6 minutes in length, a reference list citing all sources you obtained information from, and addresses the following:
Cultural Self Portrait: Your Story- Your Truth
Our environments and experiences are extremely powerful in shaping our identities and how we view the world. Your cultural self-portrait should paint a picture of who you are and where you come from. Great leaders share one thing in common- awareness and understanding of self and their personal history within a cultural context. This is a space to reflect on the role culture has played in your identity development and views on leadership.
This project may take the form of several mediums:
Essay (6-8 pages)
Digital story (8-10 minutes) utilizing various visual (scanned images, online images, images you’ve taken with a camera) and audio media
Other creative work (spoken word piece, poem, musical creation…)
*Creative works should be approximately 5-7 minutes long or 6-8 pages in length
Begin your project by:
1) reflecting upon your life experiences through the lenses of: race and ethnicity, culture, nationality, primary language, gender, sexual orientation and sexual identity, social class, ability and disability, religion and spirituality, and other relevant dimensions
2) considering the ways in which you define and conceptualize leadership and thinking about who you consider to be a leader and why
You will then identify 2-4 critical incidents that have influenced your self-identity and views on leadership. These may be positive or negative experiences. When possible, select an incident that made you aware of the intersection of multiple identities (e.g. your gender, race, and class…).
When recounting the critical incidents, situate the reader/viewer by addressing the questions of:
You will be given 10-15 minutes total to present and for Q & A. Specific requirements and the grading rubric may be found on Blackboard under Assignments.
Class Preparation, Participation, Quizzes:
*There is no way to make-up for missed classroom discussion/participation unless your absence was excused.
This grade will be based on preparation (completion of assigned readings and homework as evidenced through quizzes, activities and exercises), facilitating a class activity/discussion, engaged contributions to class discussions (expressing your opinions, asking questions, sharing personal experiences…) and other factors that contribute to the positive development of the class community.
Tentative Weekly Course Outline
*Please note that this syllabus is subject to change at any time during this course. You will be notified if any changes occur.
**All homework assignments will be listed on Blackboard weekly under Announcements
Week & Topic(s) | Readings/Viewings
1 | Course Introduction & Overview
Pedagogy of the Oppressed (pp. 71-86) | Paulo Freire
Turning to One another (pp. 18-37) | Margaret J. Wheatley
The Case Study Research Method | Ashley Crossman
2 | Say What?! Active Listening, Implicit Bias, Assertive Communication, Microaggressions and Tips for Effective Cross-Cultural Communication
Active Listening | University of Colorado Conflict Research Consortium
The Power of Deliberate Listening | Ronnie Polaneczky
Responding to Triggers | *Excerpted and modified from Teaching for Diversity and Social Justice pp. 78-79 Maurianne Adams, Lee Anne Bell, Pat Griffin
Facilitator’s Guide to Participatory Decision-Making | Catherine Toldi, Duane Berger, Lenny Lind, Michael Doyle and Sam Kaner
Dialogue and Debate/Discussion: An Introduction | *Adapted from a paper prepared by Shelley Berman
Two Radical Ideas about Listening | Lalita Amos
Implicit Bias | Melanie Funchess
Communication Styles Assertive Passive Aggressive | I Am About You
How Micro Aggressions are Like Mosquito Bites | Fusion Comedy
What Kind of Asian Are You? | Ken Tanaka
Multiracial American Voices: What Are You | Pew Research Center
Racial Microaggressions in Everyday Life | Derald Wing Sue
3 | Conceptualizing Race in America
Race & Ethnicity, Attribution Theory & Error (pp. 223-249 & 126-127) | Sociology: The Essentials Margaret Anderson & Howard Taylor
Optional Ethnicities: For Whites Only? | Mary C. Waters
What the Census Calls Us: A historical Timeline | Pew Research Center
Introduction (pp. 1-8) | Red & Yellow Black & Brown: Decentering Whiteness in Mixed Race Studies Joanne Rondilla, Rudy Guevarra Jr. and Paul Spickard
*Optional Bumbay in the Bay: The Struggle for Indipino Identity in San Francisco (pp. 147-162) | Red & Yellow Black & Brown: Decentering Whiteness in Mixed Race Studies Maharaj Raju Desai
I’m Middle Eastern and White, and Those are Not the Same Thing | Erica Pishdadian
Arab Americans lobbied for their own US census box. Will it backfire? | Arwa Mahdawi
For Some Americans of MENA Descent, Checking a Census Box is Complicated | Kat Chow
Plan to Add MENA Category in US Census Draws Mixed Response | Thomas Seibert
Appendix A The Racial Prerequisite Cases (pp. 203-208) | White By Law Ian F. Haney López
Orientations (pp. 4-13) | Race, Place, & the Law David Delaney
4 | Conceptualizing Race in America
American Mestizo: Filipinos and Antimiscegenation Laws in California (pp. 825-831) | Leti Volpp
Filipino Laborers + The Politics of Partying | Melissa Pandika
Little Manila: Filipinos in California’s Heartland | KVIE
The Great Quake: 1906-2006 / Out of Chaos Came New Chinese America | Vanessa Hua
A Historical Timeline of Multiracial Events | Eric Hamako
Glossary Terms (pp. ix-xi) | The Multiracial Experience Racial Borders as the New Frontier Maria P. P. Root
The Evolution of the Multiracial Movement (pp.13-17) | Multiracial Child Resource Book Ramona Douglass
5 | Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner: Interracial Relationships, Multiracial Families, Transracial & Transnational Adoption
Epilogue (pp. 221-222) | Red & Yellow Black & Brown: Decentering Whiteness in Mixed Race Studies Nitasha Tamar Sharma
Intermarriage and the Making of a Multicultural Society in the Baja California Borderlands (pp. 49-70)| Red & Yellow Black & Brown: Decentering Whiteness in Mixed Race Studies Verónica Castillo-Muñoz
Cross-Racial Minority Intermarriage: Mutual Marginalization and Critique (pp.71-87) | Red & Yellow Black & Brown: Decentering Whiteness in Mixed Race Studies Jessica Vasquez-Tokos
Parental Racial Soxioalization: A Glimpse into the Racial Socialization Process as It Occurs in a Dual-Minority Multiracial Family (pp. 88-105) | Red & Yellow Black & Brown: Decentering Whiteness in Mixed Race Studies Cristina M. Ortiz
Checking “Other” Twice: Transnational Dual Minorities (pp. 178-197) | Red & Yellow Black & Brown: Decentering Whiteness in Mixed Race Studies Lily Anne Y. Welty Tamai
6 | Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner: Interracial Relationships, Multiracial Families, Transracial & Transnational Adoption
Deportation a ‘Death Sentence’ to Adoptees After a Lifetime in the U.S. | Choe Sang-Hun
Lost Birds: Four Adopted Women Seek out their Native American Roots | Danielle J. Powell, Joshua J. Friedman and Cassandra Herrman
No ‘rainbow families’: Ethnic donor stipulation at fertility centre ‘floors’ local woman | Jessica Barrett
Haiti Statement by Adoptees of Color Roundtable
The Many Problems with, “I want Mixed Babies | chescaleigh
Why a New Mixed Race Generation will Not Solve Racism | Lauren Michele Jackson
Study Investigates Marks of Racism in “Interracial Families” | José Tadeu Arantes
Whatever Partner I choose Says Something (pp. 221-223) | What Are You: Voices of Mixed-Race Young People Monina Diaz
I’m Tired of Watching Brown Men Fall in Love with White Women Onscreen | Aditi Natasha Kini
Kumail Nanjiani and Emily V. Gordon: The Big Sick, Racialised Comedy, Cultural Identity- The Feed | SBS Viceland
Does Race Affect Your Dating Life? | Decoded MTV News
Legal Map: Where Were Interracial Couples Illegal? | LovingDay.org
Walmart Falsely Suspects White Father of Kidnapping His “Mixed” Kids | Fox 5
[Adoption] Fact Sheet | PBS
Transracial Adoptions In Whose Best Interest? | The Multiracial Experience Racial Borders as the New Frontier Ruth G. McRoy and Christine C. Iijima Hall
Black Kids in White Houses: On Race, Silence, and the Changing American Family | Jen Graves
Position Statement on Trans-Racial Adoption | National Association of Black Social Workers
The Realities of Raising a Kid of a Different Race | Karen Valby
Transracial Adoptions: A ‘feel good’ act or no ‘big deal’? | Jessica Ravitz
*Optional Transracial Adoption: The Pros and Cons and The Parents’ Perspective | Andrew Morrison
When You Don’t Look Like Your Parents | Boldly
About ICWA | National Indian Child Welfare Association
Native American Adoption Case Creates High Court Rift | Richard Wolf
The Casual Racism I Deal with as an Asian Woman in an Interracial Relationship | Victoria Chan
Tamera Mowry Responds to Critics of Her Interracial Marriage | Oprah Where Are They Now?
Inside An Interracial Marriage | Jay and Megan Jones
Stunning Portraits of Mixed-Race Families | David Rosenberg
7 | Leadership- What’s Culture Got to Do with It?
The Social Change Model of Leadership Development | Central Michigan University
An Overview of the Social Change Model of Leadership Development | Kristan Cilente
Introduction: Diversity is Transforming Leadership (pp. 1-21) | Salsa, Soul, And Spirit Juana Bordas
Part Four: Leadership for a Multicultural Age (pp. 180-205) | Salsa, Soul, And Spirit Juana Bordas
What is Social Change? (pp. 28-32) | Leadership For A Better World Wendy Wagner
Origins (pp. 97-112) | Dreams From My Father Barack Obama
Multiracial in America | Pew Research Center
The ‘orphan’ I adopted from Uganda Already Had a Family | Jessica Davis
8 | Aren’t They All Confused? Identity Development & Theory
The New Color Complex: Appearances and Biracial Identity | David Brunsma and Kerry Ann Rockquemore
Racing to Theory or Retheorizing Race (pp. 27-31) | Kerry Ann Rockquemore, David Brunsma and Daniel Delgado
Racial Identity Development and Persons of Mixed Race Heritage (pp. 34-40) | Multiracial Child Resource Book Maria P.P. Root
Research on Biracial and Multiracial Identity Development: Overview and Synthesis | Kristen A. Renn
Rising Sun, Rising Soul: On Mixed Race Asian Identity That Includes Blackness (pp. 21-32) | Red & Yellow Black & Brown: Decentering Whiteness in Mixed Race Studies Velina Hasu Houston
Blackapina (pp. 33-46) | Red & Yellow Black & Brown: Decentering Whiteness in Mixed Race Studies Janet C. Mendoza Stickmon
Social Class Racial/Ethnic Identity, and the Psychology of “Choice”(pp. 30-38) | Multiracial Americans And Social Class Peony Fhagen-Smith
Hidden in Plain Sight: Life as a Mixed-Lebanese | Joseph Ataman
9 | Aren’t They All Confused? Identity Development & Theory
Are You Asian Enough? | CollegeHumor
‘Racial Imposter Syndrome’: Here Are Your Stories | Leah Donnella
You’re Not Black or Mexican Enough!” Policing Racial/Ethnic Authenticity among Blaxicans in the United States | Red & Yellow Black & Brown: Decentering Whiteness in Mixed Race Studies Rebecca Romo
“People don’t believe I am Japanese” says Miss Japan | BBC News
Miss Japan Challenges the Norm | Al Jazeera America
Biracial Miss Universe Japan Brings Racial issues to Spotlight | CBS This Morning
Am I Latina Enough? | Irina Gonzalez
Are you an Indian? | Les Tate
When is a Latina Not a Latina? | Suzan Colón
10 | But You Don’t Look…The History and Politics of Passing & Accenting in the U.S.
Part One: A New Social Covenant (pp. 23-41) | Salsa, Soul, And Spirit Juana Bordas
Language, power, and the performance of race and class (pp. 72-85) | Multiracial Americans and Social Class Benjamin Bailey
Forced to Pass and Other Sins Against Authenticity | Kerry Ann Rockquemore
Passing as Black: Racial Identity Work among Biracial Americans (pp. 386-396) | Nikki Khanna and Cathryn Johnson
11 | You’re Sooo Exotic: Colorism & Perceptions & Representations of Bi/Multiracial Ethnic Individuals in the Media
How Colorism Affects People Around the World | Oprah’s Life Class
Colorism and the Law in Latin America-Global Perspectives on Colorism Conference Remarks | Tanya Katerí Hernández
Confessions of a D Girl: Colorism and Global Standards of Beauty | Chika Okoro
Daring to be Dark: Fighting Against Colorism in South Asian Cultures | Simra Mariam
‘You look like the help’: the Disturbing Link Between Asian Skin Color and Status | Mari Santos
We need to talk about Colorism in Latinx Communities | Yesenia Padilla
On ‘Jackson Five Nostrils,’ Creole vs. ‘Negro’ and Beefing Over Beyoncé’s ‘Formation’ | Yaba Blay
Principle 2: I to We-From Individualism to Collective Identity | Salsa, Soul, And Spirit Juana Bordas
About the Campaign | Dark is Beautiful
Lupita Nyong’o Delivers Powerful Speech on Colorism, Self-Love | NewsOne Staff
This Filipina Actress Wants to Change the Colonial Mentality Around Beauty | AJ+
12 | You’re Sooo Exotic: Colorism & Perceptions & Representations of Bi/Multiracial Ethnic Individuals in the Media
Hypervisibility and Invisibility of Female Haafu Models in Japan’s Beauty Culture (pp. 163-177) | Red & Yellow Black & Brown: Decentering Whiteness in Mixed Race Studies Kaori Mori Want
“Gorgeous Genetic Combinations”: The Problem With Calling Mixed People More Beautiful | Saeheelee
“What’s class got to do with it?” Images and Discourses on Race and Class in Interracial Relationships (pp. 22-29) | Multiracial Americans and Social Class Erica Chito Childs
Not Your Erotic, Not Your Exotic | Suheir Hammad
13 | Leadership Styles in Communities of Color
Salsa, Soul, And Spirit Juana Bordas
Principle 3: Mi Casa Es Su Casa: A Spirit of Generosity (pp. 58-75)
Principle 4: A Leader Among Equals (pp. 77-95)
Principle 5: Leaders as Guardians of Public Values (pp. 96-115)
14 | Creating the Circle of Leadership
Salsa, Soul, And Spirit Juana Bordas
Principle 6: Leaders as Community Stewards (pp. 116-137)
Principle 7: All My Relatives (pp. 139-159)
15 | Creating the Circle of Leadership *End of the Semester Celebration
Salsa, Soul, And Spirit Juana Bordas
Principle 8: Gracias (pp. 160-179)
*Cultural Self Portrait & Off Campus Experiential Learning Assignment Citations
Jenkins, Toby. Syllabus for Cultural Leadership. Spring 2011, George Mason University.
McShay, James. Syllabus for Multicultural Practice In Student Affairs: Self, Education, and Society. Fall 2011, University of Maryland, College Park.
“I am not a little bit of many things; But I am the sufficient representation of many things. I am not an incompletion of all these races; But I am a masterpiece of the prolific. I am an entirety, I am not a lack of anything; Rather I am a whole of many things…” -C. JoyBell C.
Dr. Naliyah Kaya
Professor: Dr. Naliyah Kaya
Contact Information: 240.567.5774 | Naliyah.Kaya@montgomerycollege.edu
Race & Ethnic Relations: Leadership & The Multiracial Experience by Naliyah Kaya is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Poetic Public SocIologist
Leadership & The Multiracial Experience Syllabus
SOCY 233 Race & Ethnic Relations *Special Topic Course
Montgomery College | Takoma Park/Silver Spring
HESI 421 University of Maryland, College Park